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Flood Watch Bulletin 15-10-2014

During the week ending on 13th October, 2014, moderate to heavy rains were experienced in both Juba and Shabelle river basins inside Somalia and within the Ethiopian highlands.

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Flood Watch Bulletin 21-10-2014

During the week ending on 20th October, 2014, moderate to heavy rains were experienced in both Juba and Shabelle river basins inside Somalia and within the Ethiopian highlands. The area bordering Ethiopia in Hiraan region has experienced torrential rains that have led to destruction and loss of property due to flooding. Heavy rains leading to flooding have also been confirmed in Jilib dstrict in Lower Juba region.

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Flood watch bulletin

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Somalia Dekadal Rainfall Bulletin - Dekad 28 2014

During the 1st Dekad of October (1st – 10th October 2014), the northern parts of the country continued to receive good rains. Some stations in the southern parts of the country also recorded moderate rains during the period under review marking a possible start of the Deyr rainy season in the area. Below is a brief summary of the rainfall situation by region for this dekad.

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Dekadal Rainfall Update

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SWALIM Update Issue 6

We are pleased to share Issue 6 of our quarterly newsletter “SWALIM Update” for the period May 2014 - July 2014. The newsletter provides updates on SWALIM water and land information management activities such as: SWALIM Completes Survey of Irrigated Agricultural Areas in Puntland; SWALIM Capacity Building Efforts lead to a Presidential Award in Somaliland; SWALIM Establishes Land Degradation Monitoring Systems in Somaliland; The Water and Land Intervention Information Sharing Platform (WALISP); A Feature Article: Groundwater Monitoring in Somalia among others. We hope you will enjoy this edition. You feedback will be highly appreciated.

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Newsletter

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Flood Watch Bulletin 03-06-2014

During the week ending on 2nd June 2014, there was a significant reduction of rainfall activities in both Juba and Shabelle ba-sins inside Somalia. Only Bulo Burit in Hraan region recorded light rains of 14 mm during that period while others did not re-cord any rains.

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Somalia Dekadal Rainfall Bulletin - Dekad 15 2014

During the 15th Dekad (21st – 31st May 2014), there was a reduction of rainfall activities in most parts of the country except for the north eastern parts that recorded moderate to heavy rains. In summary, the month of May recorded below normal rainfall across the country. A few stations however recorded above normal rains but with poor temporal and spatial distribution. Below is a brief summary of the rainfall situation by region for this dekad.

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Dekadal Rainfall Update

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Somalia Dekadal Rainfall Bulletin - Dekad 16 2014

During the 1st Dekad of June (1st – 10th June 2014), there was a significant reduction of rainfall activities in most parts of the country except for the northern parts and a few places in the south that recorded light to moderate rains. This is however normal at this time of the year as the Gu season comes to an end. Below is a brief summary of the rainfall situation by region for this dekad.

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Dekadal Rainfall Update

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Somalia Dekadal Rainfall Bulletin - Dekad 17 2014

During the 2nd Dekad of June (11th – 20th June 2014), there was a significant reduction of rainfall activities in most parts of the country marking a possible cessation of the season. However, parts of north west recorded light to moderate rains. Below is a brief summary of the rainfall situation by region for this dekad.

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Dekadal Rainfall Update

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Somalia Dekadal Rainfall Bulletin - Dekad 14 2014

During the 14th Dekad (11th – 20th May 2014), moderate to heavy rains were recorded in many parts of the country with the southern parts receiving the highest amounts of rains but with poor spatial and temporal distribution. However, some places in parts of Bari and Nugaal regions in the north have not received any rains since the beginning of the station. Below is a brief summary of the rainfall situation by region for this dekad.

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Dekadal Rainfall Update

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Flood Watch Bulletin 06-05-2014

The rainfall within the Juba and Shabelle basins over the last week varied greatly both in space and quantity inside Somalia. A few places recorded moderate rains while others received little or no rains.

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Flood Watch Bulletin 13-05-2014

There was an increase of rainfall activities in most parts of the Juba and Shabelle river basins inside Somalia. A few places recorded heavy rains on 8th and 9th May 2014 causing localized flooding in the areas. The upper parts of Gedo however did not record any rains.

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Flood Watch Bulletin 20-05-2014

There was a slight decrease of rainfall activities in most parts of the Juba and Shabelle river basins inside Somalia. A few places recorded moderate rains while others did not receive any rains during the last one week.

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Flood watch bulletin

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Somalia Dekadal Rainfall Bulletin - Dekad 12 2014

During the 12th Dekad (21st – 30th April 2014), moderate to heavy rains were recorded in the southern parts of the country especially in bay and Bakool regions. Light rains were received in the north western parts of the country. The north eastern and central parts did not receive any significant rainfall during the period. In general the rainfall performance of April rains in the country was below normal with the North East and central parts experiencing extremely depressed rains. Below is a brief summary of the rainfall situation by region for this dekad.

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Dekadal Rainfall Update

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Somalia Dekadal Rainfall Bulletin - Dekad 13 2014

During the 13th Dekad (1st – 10th May 2014), moderate to heavy rains were recorded in many parts of the country with the southern parts receiving the highest amounts of rains but with poor spatial and temporal distribution. The dekad also marked a late start of the season for many parts in central and north eastern parts of the country. Below is a brief summary of the rainfall situation by region for this dekad.

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Dekadal Rainfall Update

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SWALIM Update Issue 5

We are pleased to share Issue 5 of our quarterly newsletter “SWALIM Update” for the period February 2014 - April 2014. The newsletter provides updates on SWALIM water and land information management activities such as: SWALIM Establishes Flash Flood Alert Systems; SWALIM Completes Cultivable Areas Analysis for Somalia; An interview with SWALIM’s partners: The National Environment Research and Disaster preparedness (NERAD)and the Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management Agency (HADMA), the disaster management agencies for Somaliland and Puntland; Somali Water Sources Live Map Complete; A feature Article: 12 Years of Sustained Weather Monitoring in Somalia among others. We hope you will enjoy this edition. You feedback will be highly appreciated.

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Somalia Dekadal Rainfall Bulletin - Dekad11 2014

During the 10th Dekad (11th – 20th April 2014), light rains were received in the north western parts of the country. The north eastern and central parts did not receive any significant rainfall during the period while the south recorded moderate to heavy rain especially in Gedo Region. Figure (1) shows the rain gauge observational network and monthly rainfall distribution for selected stations across the country. Below is a brief summary of the rainfall situation by region for this dekad.

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RSM-03 Detection of charcoal production sites in southern somalia using very high resolution imagery

Following more than 20 years of civil unrest, environmental information for Southern Somalia is scarce while there is clear evidence that the war economy fuelled by the conflict is rapidly depleting the country’s natural resources, especially the woody biomass. Wood charcoal production is one of the most relevant businesses supporting war regimes such as the extreme Islamist group Al Shabaab, which has ruled in Southern Somalia from 2006 to 2012 and is still occupying large areas. In this study, we first used Very High Resolution (VHR) satellite imagery of early 2011 and early 2013 for developing a semi-automatic mapping method of charcoal production sites as a proxy of tree loss over a 6000 km2 area along the Juba River in Southern Somalia. The user’s accuracy of semi-automatic charcoal production site detection varied between 81.7% for 2011 and 87.3% for 2013, while the producer’s accuracy was 68.2% and 65.5% respectively and, as compared to visual interpretation, reduced significantly the required time. The analysis of the changes between the two dates led to an average tree loss estimation of 3.3%, corresponding to 520,520 trees over the 2 years period. The results help to better understand the dimension and impact of charcoal production in Southern Somalia and are a first step towards the development of a charcoal production monitoring system.

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SWALIM Update Issue 4

We are pleased to share Issue 4 of our quarterly newsletter “SWALIM Update” for the period November 2013 – January 2014. The newsletter provides updates on SWALIM water and land information management activities such as: SWALIM Early Warning Information Saves Lives; Building Resilient Communities through Disaster Risk Reduction and Early Warning; SWALIM Completes Survey of Strategic Emergency Boreholes in Northern Somalia; Fostering Accountability through Cash Based Intervention Remote Monitoring; SWALIM supports Somaliland Ministry of Agriculture to survey agricultural areas among others. We hope you will enjoy this edition. You feedback will be highly appreciated.

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Mapping Forest Degradation Caused by the Recent Increase of Charcoal Production in Southern Somalia

Following more than 20 years of civil unrest, environmental information for Southern Somalia is scarce while there is clear evidence that the war economy fueled by the conflict is rapidly depleting the country’s natural resources and especially the woody biomass. Wood charcoal production is one of the most relevant businesses supporting war regimes such as the extreme Islamist group Al Shabaab, which has ruled in Southern Somalia from 2006 to 2012 and is still occupying large areas. In this study we first used Very High Resolution (VHR) satellite imagery of February 2013 for developing a semi-automatic mapping method of charcoal production sites as a proxy of tree loss over a 754 km2 woody area along the Juba river in Southern Somalia. The accuracy of semiautomatic charcoal production site detection varied between 80 and 95% as compared to visual interpretation and reduced significantly the subjectivity and the required time. The analysis was then applied to previous years (2011-2012) for a 52.6 km2 subset of the study area, and led to a tree loss estimation of 8.63%, corresponding to 15,434 trees over the 3 years period. The results are crucial for better understanding the dimension and impact of charcoal production in Southern Somalia and are a first step towards the development of a charcoal production monitoring system.

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Journal Article

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SWALIM

Range policy

Somalia is situated in northeastern Africa and covers an area of 637 660 km2. It has the longest coastline in Africa, being bordered by the Gulf of Aden to the north and the Indian Ocean to the east. The country is bordered by Kenya in the south, Ethiopia in the west and by Djibouti in the north-west. The country can be divided in five distinct physio-geographic zones differentiated by topography:

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Other

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SWALIM Update Issue 3

We are pleased to share Issue 3 of our quarterly newsletter “SWALIM Update”. The newsletter provides updates on SWALIM water and land information management activities such as: Completion of the Preliminary Estimation of Land Cover in Northern Somalia, training on Disaster Risk Reduction and Early Warning, how Geo-spatial Data and Technology ins being used in Natural Resources Management in Somalia, training in River Gauge Reading among others. We hope you will enjoy this edition. Your feedback will be highly appreciated.

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Mapping Charcoal Driven Forest Degradation during the Main Period of Al-Shabaab Control in Southern Somalia

Following more than 20 years of civil unrest, environmental information for Southern Somalia is scarce while there is clear evidence that the war economy fueled by the conflict is rapidly depleting the country's natural resources and especially the woody biomass. Wood charcoal production is one of the most relevant businesses supporting war regimes such as the extreme Islamist group Al-Shabaab, which has ruled in Southern Somalia from 2006 to 2012 and is still occupying large areas. In this study, we map and quantify the tree loss suffered by the region due to the rapid increase in illegal charcoal production and export over recent years. Very high-resolution (VHR) satellite imagery is used to visually count charcoal production sites as a proxy of tree loss in two sample areas within the lower Juba region of Southern Somalia. The image interpretation allows mapping the charcoal production sites as well as estimating tree loss rates above 7% over 5 years. The results are crucial for understanding the exact dimension and effects of the loss of woody biomass and for planning conservation and recovery interventions in the concerned area.

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SWALIM Update Issue 2

We are pleased to share Issue 2 of our quarterly newsletter “SWALIM Update” for 2013. The newsletter provides updates on SWALIM water and land information management activities such as: Monitoring and evaluation using remote sensing, the source of the Kismayo charcoal, assessment of the Gu 2013 Rainfall performance, capacity building activities that have taken place in the past 3 months among others. We hope you will enjoy this edition. You feedback will be highly appreciated.

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SWALIM Update Issue 1

The newsletter provides updates on SWALIM water and land information management activities such as flood and drought early warning systems, hydro meteorological monitoring, status of the Somali water sources, land degradation, remote sensing monitoring, and water and land baseline and thematic studies. You will also be updated on the capacity development activities, particularly the training courses from which you can benefit. The training courses are open to all Somali stakeholders, especially women. We hope you will enjoy this first edition of 2013 and those that will follow. You feedback will be highly appreciated and will help us improve future editions

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W-22 Water Demand Assessment for the Juba and Shabelle Rivers

The Juba and Shabelle rivers are the only perennial streams in Somalia. They originate in Ethiopia, where over 90 percent of the stream flow is generated. The two river basins cover an area 174,600 km2 within Somalia. Basic monitoring of the two rivers and their basins has been ongoing in the previous SWALIM projects, laying a good foundation for more developed, continuous river monitoring and data processing (automatic weather stations, continuous discharge measurements, sediment and water quality monitoring together with pilot land degradation monitoring systems). The Juba and Shabelle basins are also called the ‘breadbasket’ of Somalia: It is the centre of agricultural and livestock production and home to the majority of the Somali population.

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Somalia Water and Land Information Management, Nairobi (Kenya)

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