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Somalia Rainfall Forecast 28-10-2015

Heavy rains are expected to continue in the Ethiopian highlands and most parts of Somalia except Awdal, Bari, Nugaal and Mudug regions. Toghdheer, Bay and Lower Shabelle regions are expected to receive the highest amounts which may lead to flash floods and river floods in respective areas.

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Rainfall Forecast

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Flood Watch Bulletin 21-10-2015

The Deyr 2015 rainy season started well in many parts of Somalia and has been increasing in space and intensity over the past few days within the Juba and Shabelle river basins both in Somalia and in the Ethiopian highlands. River levels in the upstream stations along the Juba and Shabelle (Luuq and Belet Weyne respectively) continued to increase over the last week. The levels in the middle and lower reaches of Shabelle River are currently high. Given the current river levels and the current rainfall forecast (which indicates heavy rains within the Shabelle basin both in Somalia and the Ethiopian highlands; moderate rains expected in the Juba basin inside Somalia; heavy rains in the highlands and the coastal areas of Banadir, Middle Shabelle and Galgaduud), there is a moderate flood risk level along the middle and lower reaches of Shabelle while there is no foreseen risk of flooding along the Juba in the coming week.

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Flood watch bulletin

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Somalia Rainfall Forecast 12-10-2015

Scattered light to moderate rains are expected across the Juba and Shabelle river basins inside Somalia and the Ethiopian highlands. The rains extend to the central parts of the country, Nugaal and Sool Regions, while in the extreme north regions there will be minimal rainfall activity in the coming three days.

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Somalia Rainfall Forecast 30-10-2015

Moderate to heavy rains are expected to continue in the Ethiopian highlands and most parts of Somalia except Awdal, Bari, Nugaal and Mudug regions. Flash flood may be experienced in a few places within Bay, Bakool and Gedo regions following the foreseen heavy rains in the area.

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Somalia Rainfall Forecast 30-09-2015

The Deyr 2015 rains have started in some parts of Somalia. In the coming three days, most parts of central regions are expected to receive rainfall totals of up to 20mm while the rest of the country will receive either little or no rains during the same period.

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Rainfall Forecast

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W-26 Hydrogeological Study in Ceel Waaq District, Gedo Region, Somalia

The study demonstrates the validity of using Landsat imagery to delineate fracture zones, hence areas of relatively higher groundwater potential. Recharge water is channeled along regional fractures that enhance hydraulic connectivity hence higher fluxes along these lineaments. The identification of the nearest lineaments to each village was done with the help of automatically generated lineaments and manual tracing on satellite imagery, to select potential geophysical survey sites within a 2-kilometer radius of each village.

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Technical report

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Status of River Breakages - Juba - August 2015

The Deyr 2015 (September to December) rainfall forecast points towards enhanced rainfall activities due to the foreseen El Nino event taking place in the region. The foreseen enhanced rains are likely to exacerbate the situation. Consequently, poor river embankments are likely to cause flooding, there are currently 47 open points along the Juba. Several other points with potential of breaking have been identified.

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Map

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SWALIM

Status of River Breakages - Shabelle - August 2015

The Deyr 2015 (September to December) rainfall forecast points towards enhanced rainfall activities due to the foreseen El Nino event taking place in the region. The foreseen enhanced rains are likely to exacerbate the situation. Consequently, poor river embankments are likely to cause flooding, there are currently 21 open points along the Shabelle river. Several other points with potential of breaking have been identified as shown in this map.

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Map

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SWALIM

The El nino phenomenon Infograph

An El Niño state occurs when the central and eastern equatorial Pacific sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) are substantially higher than usual. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) defines an El Niño event when the NIÑO 3.4 area has sea-surface temperatures at least 0.5 ºC higher than normal for five consecutive three-month-averaged periods. During the last 25 years, Somalia has been affected by six moderate-to-strong El Niño events: 1991-2, 1994-5, 1997-8, 2002-3, 2006-7, and 2009-10 in which floods of different magnitudes were reported. The 1997/98 was the strongest followed by that of 2006.

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Infograph

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SWALIM

Flood Preparedness Information Leaflet - Somali Version

Fatahaaduhu waxay dhici karaan wakhti kaste iyo meel kaste.Waxayna u dhaci karaan si deg deg ah.Marka haddii aad ku nooshahay meel biyo u dhow ama meel kalaba, waa in aad u diyaargarowdaa.Halkan waxa ku jira waxyaabo muuhiim ah si aad ugu diyaargaroobi kartid.

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Brochure

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SWALIM

Deyr 2015 Rainfall Outlook

The Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum (GHACOF) has confirmed that El Nino conditions have intensified and will affect the region during the September to December rainy season. The El Nino event is likely to lead to a wetter than normal Deyr season in parts of the country. This is a probabilistic forecast designed for a regional audience that addresses the cumulative rainfall forecast over the four‐month period from (September to December 2015). The rainfall pattern may vary from place to place with the areas expected to receive high rains experiencing periods of dry spells and areas expected to receive low rains experiencing heavy storms.

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Rainfall Outlook

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SWALIM

World Water Week Report 2015

Water is crucial for human sustenance, health and dignity; as a driver for business; for food and energy security; and for the ecosystems upon which our societies and continued development depend. For this report, we have invited a wide range of experts with different perspectives on water and development to share their thinking and propose new avenues for development. The topics addressed in the report include, among several others: the MDG progress and the future SDGs and the role of water in (and for) them; the need for more reduction of risks and disasters for improved water security; and the role of Information Communications Technology (ICT) for water and development. You can also read about the corporate perspective on water and development; as well as the important role of improved use of rain to provide for increased food security and poverty reduction in sub-Saharan Africa. At the core of SIWI’s work is sharing research results and knowledge. Our goal is that SIWI’s reports will enlighten and inspire the global discussion about water and development issues, thus helping to build a water wise world.

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Somalia Dekadal Rainfall Bulletin - Dekad 15 2015 (31-05-2015)

During the third dekad of May 2015 (21st – 31st), there was a slight increase of rainfall activities from the previous dekad across the country with most stations recording normal to below normal rains during the month of May.

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Dekadal Rainfall Update

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Somalia Flood Watch Bulletin - (09-06-2015)

During the week ending on 8th June 2015, there was minimal rainfall activity within the Juba and Shabelle river basins inside Somalia and light to moderate rains within the Ethiopian highlands. Most stations recorded no rains. The rainfall forecast for the coming week is pointing towards a further reduction of rains within the Juba and Shabelle river basins with lights rains expected in the coastal areas of the basins. The river levels along the two rivers fluctuated during the past week and are currently within the normal range at this time of the year. Given the rainfall forecast and the low river levels, there is no foreseen risk of flooding along the two rivers in the coming week.

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Flood watch bulletin

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GU 2015 Rainfall Performance - 25-06-2015

The GU 2015 rainy season started off early in many parts of the country in the third dekad of March and continued to spread spatially in the first and second dekads of April. The season was generally good in most parts of the country, with many places recording normal to above normal rains. The good rains led to improved water availability and favorable soil moisture conditions for both crop and pasture growth. However some parts of the country experienced floods, displacement of people, destruction of property and infrastructure and loss of livestock. The rains ended early in the south and central parts of the country – a cause for concern in the agriculture and livestock sectors. For more details in the season rainfall performance as well as the impacts, please see the attached bulletin

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Rainfall Performance

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Somalia Dekadal Rainfall Bulletin - Dekad 16 2015 (11-06-2015)

During the first dekad of June 2015 (1st – 10th), there was a decrease of rainfall activities from the previous dekad across the country with moderate rains being recorded in parts of the northern regions and no rainfall in the southern and central parts of the country. Figure (1) shows the rainfall observational network and monthly rainfall distribution for selected stations across the country. The table below is a brief summary of the rainfall situation by region for this dekad. This update will be issued every 10-days throughout the Gu rainy season.

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Dekadal Rainfall Update

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SWALIM Update Issue 8

We are pleased to share Issue 8 of our newsletter “SWALIM Update” for the period January 2015 - April 2015. The frequencies of SWALIM’s newsletter have changed effective January 2015. You will now receive our newsletter every 4 months and not quarterly. This issue of the newsletter provides updates on SWALIM water and land information management activities such as: • The Re-branding of SWALIM • Expansion of the Juba River Monitoring Network • How SWALIM is Engaging with Communities to Build Flood Resilience • Land Degradation in Somalia • SWALIM Holds an Academic Open Day in Borama • Building a Sustainable Climate Data Monitoring System • Capacity Needs Assessment Study for Line Ministries We hope you will enjoy this edition. You feedback will be highly appreciated.

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Newsletter

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Flood Preparedness Information Leaflet

Floods can happen anytime and anywhere. And they can happen fast. So whether you live near the water or not, you should always be ready. SWALIM has prepared some important things you can do to prepare. This flood preparedness information leaflet covers: 1. Definition of a flood 2. Preparation before a flood 3. Actions to take during and after a flood

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Somalia Rainfall Forecast 24-03-2015

Moderate to heavy rains are expected to continue in the next three days within the north western parts of Somalia. The upper parts of Juba and Shabelle River basins within the Ethiopian highlands, whose rainfall contribute significantly to the river flow inside Somalia, may also record moderate to heavy rains during the same period. There will be a reduction of rainfall activities during the forecast period within Bari, and Sool, Nugaal, Mududg and Galgad regions. Other places including the Southern regions are expected to record light to moderate rains.

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Rainfall Forecast

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Gu 2015 Rainfall Outlook

The Somalia rainfall forecast for Gu 2015 rainy season is calling for normal rains in most parts of the country with few areas expected to receive enhanced rains. Despite the normal rains and due to the weak river embankments in the Juba and Shabelle rivers, there is risk of flooding owing to the topography of the area, uncontrolled irrigation activities and poor river basin management due to collapse of pre-war flood control infrastructure. As part of flood preparedness and contingency planning SWALIM, using satellite images, has mapped the river breakages in the middle and lower parts of the two rivers which are most vulnerable. The breakages database produced and shared with you earlier has been updated to include recent data for the January and February 2015 period. Three types of breakages have been identified namely; open, potential and closed. The open breakages are those that were still open during the period of investigation. The potential breakages represent points that have very weak river embankment or have experienced several breakages in the recent past. The closed breakages are those that were previously open but efforts have been made to close them.

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Rainfall Outlook

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Impacts of Rising Water Demands in the Juba and Shabelle River Basins on Water Availability in South Somalia

Somalia has frequently been affected by droughts, famines and water-related humanitarian crises. Water is scarce and the only perennial streams, the Juba and Shabelle rivers, are transboundary with river flows mainly originating from the Ethiopian highlands. In both riparian countries water demands are projected to increase. This paper reveals the impact of rising regional water abstractions on stream flows by illustrating sectoral demands and joining them into scenarios of medium and high population and economic growth. These scenarios are associated to the time horizons of 2035 and 2055 respectively. The scenarios disclose alarming trends especially for the Shabelle River: In the medium and high growth scenarios, water demands surpass the available river flows by 200 and 3500 hm3, respectively. The calculated deficits partly derive from conflicting assumptions about river flows by the two main riparian countries, an obstacle to any integrated planning efforts and sustained regional development.

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Flood Watch Bulletin 02-12-2014

During the week ending on 01 December 2014, there was decrease in rainfall activities within the Juba and Shabelle river basins inside Somalia with most stations recording no rains with exception of Bullae in Middle Juba region recording a total of 14mm and Belet weyne in Hiran region recording 8.5mm of rainfall.

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Flood watch bulletin

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SWALIM Update Issue 7

We are pleased to share Issue 7 of our quarterly newsletter “SWALIM Update” for the period August 2014 - October 2014 The newsletter provides updates on SWALIM water and land information management activities such as: • SWALIM Completes Mapping Riverbank Breakages on Juba and Shabelle rivers • Over 100 Partners Trained in SWALIM Information Management Tools • Somali Water Sources Information Goes Live • SWALIM - 10 Years of Sustained EU Funding • Expansion of the Weather Monitoring Network in South and Central Somalia • SWALIM Conducts Partner Capacity Needs Assessment • SWALIM Supports Development of the Somali National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) We hope you will enjoy this edition. You feedback will be highly appreciated.

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Newsletter

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SWALIM

Somalia Dekadal Rainfall Bulletin - Dekad 33 2014

During the third Dekad of November 2014 (21 – 30 November), there was no rainfall activities in the northern parts of Somalia with the exception of Eafweyne in Sanaag region of Somaliland and some stations in the north eastern regions that received moderate rains. There was continued rainfall activities in the Southern parts of the country with some stations receiving above normal rains.

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Dekadal Rainfall Update

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Summarised physical and biotic descriptions of range monitoring sites

Summarised physical and biotic descriptions of range monitoring sites

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Other

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Resource Management and Research

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