During the hostilities in Somalia the main target of destruction by the rival warring factions were the rural water points, As a result, the Somali pastoral communities are currently exposed to poor rain seasons. European Development funded projects and other donors rehabilitated water points in a number of rural and urban centres. The study concerns an assessment of water rehabilitation project activities funded by the European Union (EU) in Somalia. The activities that will be under assessment include the water project by the Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) and OXFAM Quebec. The ADRA Project is situated in the Middle Shabelle Region, while the Oxfam Quebec project is situated in the Hiraan region. Both projects have been started up during the1994 as water rehabilitation project. The consultant assisted by local experts, having discussed with the authorities and elders concerned and surveyed the regions, will evaluate the projects completed or currently undertaken. In addition, sufficient data will be produced which will assist the EC Somalia Unit to undertake the funding of rehabilitation of rural! water supply points. The consultant will have to examine the movement of the pastoral communities and the environmental impact of the current proposed interventions.
The General Terms of Reference for this study, are as defined by the EU Somalia Unit, following liaison with the Consultants, and exclude the study of the Jowhar Sugar Estate and associated works. This study is focused primarily on the reactivation of the Jowhar Offstream Storage Project (JOSP) as a means of flood control. The added benefit of water storage for use during the dry season is considered supplementary at this stage. brThe Terms of Reference of the study can be summarised as follows:ul liInvestigate the present condition of the FA0 Canal, the storage reservoir and associated water control structures, which together form the Jowhar Offstream Storage Project (JOSP)./li; li Determine the infrastructure rehabilitation needs for the JOSP, with a view to restoring the flood control function. /li; liDraft Terms of Reference for further studies to address the irrigation and agriculture related problems within the project area. /li; /ul
This is a report on Trocaire international- Somalia Programme's interventions in Bullahawa-Doolow, Gedo Region Somalia. The report is an evaluation of the programme performance (1993 to May 1996) and an assessment of community needs and plan of action in management of land and water resources for the period between mid 1996 to 1998.
The author presents a personal and intentionally which a small rural community (a family, a ward, a confrontational point of view, offering a new and more constructive approach to the problems small farmers face in their battle with the degradation of their land. This is not a manual with clear-cut remedies for each and every erosion problem, but a work that should allow research experts, teachers and agronomists in the field to appreciate differences in situations, diagnose the causes of crises, and propose a range of technical solutions from village, a slope., a hillside or a micro-watershed) can choose the technological package best suited to its particular needs. Rather more instruction-oriented material for training extension agents
Land-use planning is sometimes misunderstood as being a process where planners tell people what to do. In this publication, land-use planning means the systematic assessment of physical, social and economic factors in such a way as to encourage and assist land users in selecting options that increase their productivity, are sustainable and meet the needs of society.
The procedures described in this publication are intended as optional guidelines to assist people throughout the world but particularly in developing countries to improve their own evaluations of their land and water resources and their own decisions on their use. Users' records and annotated experiences with the contents of the guidelines, comments on their usefulness and applicability and suggestions for improvements will be welcome to enable a future re-issue to be upgraded in the light of experience.
This publication is actually a series of lecture notes handouts in Statistics and stochastic proceses in hydrology. They were prepared by the author for presentation of lectures for the international course for hydrologists at the international Institute for Infrastructural, Hydraulic and Enviromental Engineering (IIIHEE) at Delft in the Netherlands.
This study to the rehabilitation of water supply in the Bari region was held by 2 ConsultantsSAWA (Netherlands) and 4 consultants, contracted by SPDS (Somalia). The study was on request of the European Union Somalia Unit. The main purpose of the study was to come to the formulation of two feasible urban and one rural water rehabilitation programme in the region, which can be financed through the EU NGO rehabilitation programme. The report gives a draft of the methodology used (Chapter 1), the context of Bari Region (Chapter 2), the available water resources (Chapter 3) and the economic feasibility (Chapter 4). Based on this information it comes to a philosophy and a plan for further water development (Chapter 5), and a selection of short term and long term projects. For these projects a general outline of the approach (Chapter 6) and the institutional aspects (Chapter 7) are given. Site reports and sketches of the villages and towns visited by the team are collected in a separate report, volume II.
This study to the rehabilitation of water supply in the Bari region was held by 2 ConsultantsSAWA (Netherlands) and 4 consultants, contracted by SPDS (Somalia). The study was on request of the European Union Somalia Unit. The main purpose of the study was to come to the formulation of two feasible urban and one rural water rehabilitation programme in the region, which can be financed through the EU NGO rehabilitation programme. This Volume presents the site reports and sketches of the villages and towns visited. All the information gathered is based on interviews and observations made by 1Cm study team. Where budgets and materials are summarised it should be clear that these are rough estimates only. The consultant used these figures for comparison, not for project preparation. Volume I of the study describes the plan for water development in the Bari region