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Rainfall, environment and water resource development in Somaliland and the Sahel

This thesis has relevance to any water and/or environment initiatives in both the Somaliland region and the Sahel. It aims to answer the desire among growing numbers of water managers and environmentalists to bring a more lateral approach to the water management debate globally. This thesis explores the general inter-relation between hydrological and man-oriented processes, in relation to current models for water resource development and natural resource management in Somaliland. Extensive reference is drawn to studies published elsewhere in the Sahel. The Sahel and Somaliland are introduced, along with definitions of drought and land degradation. An understanding of paradigms in development co-operation and sustainable development are shown, through a review of the evolution of guiding principles of water resource development in developing countries, and a statement of their usefulness in water scarce developing countries. The EU guidelines for strategic water resource development are reviewed amongst others.

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Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, University of London

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome (Italy),United Nations Environment Program

Planning Sustainable management of Land Resources: The SRI LANKA Example

The publication presents an outline of land use policy issues, and of the constraints and perspectives of land use planning for the sustainable land resources management in Sri Lanka. It presents the proposed approach to a participatory land use planning in the light of the FAO's integrated approach to planning and management of land resources management and the profile of a comprehensive programme for Government interventions to implement the approach to assist in finding solutions to the problems of sustainable land resource management.

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome (Italy)

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United Nations Development Program,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome (Italy)

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Institute of Hydrology

Intergrated Planning For Sustainable Management of Land Resources

Basic documents, case studies, working papers, workshop proceedings and other related publications

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome (Italy)

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome (Italy)

Inventory of water sources in Bay and Bakool

The need for a comprehensive database of the existing water resources and sources can not be over emphasized as the country embarks on the rehabilitation of the destroyed water sources, and the development of new ones. With the increasing demand for permanent water source both for human and livestock consumption, due to increase in the population, it has become necessary to take stock of the available water resources and funds available for development and prioritize intervention strategies taking into consideration the current demand and needs. With the support of UNICEF, working in collaboration with other International Agencies in the water sector, the MOWMR initiated an inventory of all permanent water sources within Somaliland. The survey was conducted from 29th June to 25th July 1999. All the 6 regions of Somaliland namelyAwdal, Galbeed, Sahil, Togdheer, Sool and Saanag were covered in the survey. All known borewells, both functional and non-functional were surveyed. Dugwells within the vicinity of the borewells, potential perennial springs, piped water systems and berkerds within the vicinity of the permanent water sources were also taken into account during the survey. Water quality analyses from selected water sources in areas with high pollution risks were carried out. The study teams also examined the prevailing sanitary conditions around the water sources.

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United Nations International Childrens Education Fund

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World Food Program of the United Nations

land use planning methods, strategies and tools

These guidelines to Land use planning (LUP) in the development co-operation are the result of an intensive discussion process with competent partners in the Federal Ministry of Development Co-operation (BMZ), with the German Development Bank (KfW) and with colleagues in the planning and development department of GTZ. Valuable scientific and practical experience and contributions have been incorporated in these guidelines. Despite it specifies a technical standpoint the reader is enabled to form his or her own opinion. It describes the connection between LUP and other spatial and sectoral planning operations, it defines those participating in the planning process, it gives suggestions on how to carry out these processes in various types of projects and it demonstrates how the topic is incorporated in the macro-economic and social structures.

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German Agency for Technical Cooperation

Prefeasibility and Geophysical Investigations, Garowe Town Water supply, Puntland State Somalia

Earth Water Ltd was commissioned by Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) Somalia to Carry out pre-feasibility geophysical and hydro geological investigations to determine the presence of an aquifer in the surroundings of Garowe town in the Nugal region of the Puntland State of North Eastern Somalia. The investigations were executed in a multi-step approach: I) Desk study 2) Field reconnaissance study 3) Data acquisition 4) Data analysis and reporting The Client requires detailed information on the availability of groundwater resources to be used for the development of a central water supply for Garowe town. The projected water demand for domestic consumption is in the order of 800 m3 /day. The objective of the present study is to assess the available groundwater, to recommend the best possible sites for further detailed investigations to develop a centralized weilfield for drilling of several boreholes, the required depth, expected yield and water quality. For this purpose all the available hydro geological information of the area has been analyzed and a geophysical survey carried out.

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Earth water Ltd,Adventist Development and Relief Agency

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Adventist Development and Relief Agency

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United Nations

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United Nations

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United Nations

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United Nations

Somalia inter-agency flood response operation - Phase 1; November - December 1997

In late 1997, southern and central Somalia were hit by unprecedented floods affecting the lives and livelihoods of an estimated one million people. This Evaluation reviews Phase I of the international response to the floods - the Somalia Inter-Agency Flood Response Operation - between November and 3 1st December 1997. The Inter-Agency Flood Response Operation was a complex and expensive logistics operation to distribute emergency assistance to scattered and isolated flood affected populations. It was also a test of the international humanitarian system's capacity to respond to an acute emergency in a country which has been without a government for six years.br Overall, Phase I of the Somalia Inter-Agency Flood Response Operation is evaluated as a success. Humanitarian agencies in Somalia demonstrated their capacity and capability to respond to short term humanitarian needs. While the initial objective of the operation to 'rescue' flood affected populations was not fulfilled, the objectives to ameliorate the immediate humanitarian effects of the floods and avert a nutritional and health crisis in the worst affected areas were, by and large, achieved. The opportunity was taken to apply past lessons learned from working in Somalia, and innovative programming was apparent in several areas. The inter-agency character of the operation was commendable and the level of codment and collaboration that was achieved establishes an important precedent for future humanitarian operations in Somalia. This report seeks to record these achievements, as well as identify areas where the humanitarian system in Somalia could be strengthened.

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Government of Sweden,Government of USA,Government of UK

Horn of Africa 1925 (The)

This CD-ROM contains geographic maps of the horn of Africa prepared by Mr. Achille Dardano - Italian Cartographic Service - in 1925. The maps are property of Ministero delle Colonie, Rome Printed by Ist. Italiano d'Arti Grafiche, Bergamo The files are scanned images of the original hard copy maps. Geographic coordinates of the GeoTiff images are in Geographic Projection, Adindan Datum Mean Solution (Ethiopia and Sudan), Clarke 1880 Reference Ellipsoid The georeferenced images can be read using a Geographic Information System (GIS) package.

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United Nations Development Office for Somalia

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Somalia Aid Co-ordination Body

Land Tenure and Policy Issues in Land Use Planning

Land is the basis of human society because it provides food, water, energy, clothing and shelter. Land resources, however, are finite and becoming scarce in Africa and elsewhere. Problems of inappropriate land uses, population growth, over-exploitation of natural assets and environmental degradation are complex and long-term. They are exacerbated by their linkage with poverty, inequality and social conflicts because many people have inadequate access to land or to the benefits from its use. It is commonly agreed that tenure of land - and land policy in a broader context - is a fundamental variable in agrarian and rural development. Land tenure insecurity, associated with local political conflicts and gender inequality, for example can be a key factor in land degradation (The World Bank, Agenda 21,FAO).

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Food and Agriculture Development Centre

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome (Italy)

FAO/UNEP Workshop on Integrated Planning and Management of Land Resources

Integrated land-use planning (ILUP) is a prerequisite for the sustainable management and development of land resources. This approach seeks to meet this objective by a better balancing of all relevant aspects (biophysical, technical, socio-economic, legal, institutional and social) in land-use planning. In particular, it stresses the importance of engaging the stakeholders and recognizing their different objectives through a platform for negotiationoutlining the characteristics of an enabling institutional and policy environment at local, sub-national, and national levelsensuring an accessible knowledge baseand providing a set of planning procedures. The guidelines which were the topic of this workshop are intended to be used by professional and technical practitioners of land-use planning and land resource management at national, subnational and village levels.

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome (Italy),United Nations Environment Program

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FAO, Rome (Italy). Land and Water Development Div.,Japan FAO Association, Tokyo (Japan),Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Tokyo (Japan

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