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Somalia Rainfall Forecast 23-03-2018

The last 24 hours saw light to moderate rains in a few pockets of the southern and central regions of Somalia. The three days rainfall forecast is pointing towards moderate rains in the southern regions and parts of Galduud and Muddug regions. The Ethiopian highlands may also receive moderate rains within the three days. The seven days rainfall forecast indicates increased rains both in the Ethiopian highlands and southern regions of the country as the week progresses. Given the rainfall forecast, the river levels are expected to continue rising gradually in the coming week with no risk of flooding along the Juba and Shabelle Rivers in Somalia.

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Rainfall Forecast

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Temporal Analysis of Shabelle River Water-levels as Seen from Very High-resolution Satellite Images

The Shabelle River which is one of the two perennial rivers in Somalia has had some sections of the channel getting dry for the third time in three years. The first being February and March 2016, then February and March 2017 and finally some sections dried early December 2017 to Mid-March 2018. The Gu rains are expected to kick off in late March and early April within the basin and this will see a rise in river levels. While there are many reasons behind the drying river bed, the main driver to this could be attributed to consecutive failed rainy seasons both in the Ethiopian Highlands and inside Somalia. Rainfall analysis indicates depressed rains during the Deyr seasons of 2015, 2016 and 2017. The poor rains, and increased agricultural water use led to significant reduction of river flow. Massive sedimentation on the river bed has also resulted in decreased water quantity and quality along Shabelle River. Some reports attribute the flow reduction to riverine activities in Ethiopia where the river originates. SWALIM has analysed the temporal river level status using observed river level data and very high-resolution satellite images taken on different dates in selected towns along the Shabelle River. The analysis of multi-temporal images performed by visual estimation of the water levels covers the period from January 2017 to January 2018. The most suitable cloud free images used are panchromatic black and white acquired by the World View 1 satellite. The readability of panchromatic images is more difficult, but generally water is displayed in a dark grey colour, while bare soil is represented by a light grey colour. In addition SWALIM analyzed the vegetation conditions using the Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) for December 2001 and December 2017. The selection of these two periods was informed by observation of similar rainfall/vegetation trends in the previous months. This analysis shows a great increase of active irrigated crops upstream (Belet Weyne) in 2017, a slight increase in Bulo Burti and clear decrease in Jowhar (downstream), which could be explained with a progressive increase of water abstraction upstream, affecting the Shabelle river level downstream.

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Somalia GU 2018 Rainfall Outlook

The Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum (GHACOF) has confirmed a reduction of the chances of experiencing a La Nina event during the March to May rainy season. During the recent GHACOF, the March to May 2018 rainfall forecast for the region was released. According to the forecast, Gu 2018 season in Somalia is expected to be normal (40% probability of normal rains) with a tendency of 35 % probability of below normal rains in most parts of the country. This also includes part of the Ethiopian highlands which contribute significantly to both Juba and Shabelle river flow inside Somalia and all inland parts of the country. Further, Awdal , northern parts of Sanaag and Bari regions in the north as well as the southern coastal regions of Lower Juba and Lower Shabelle are expected to experience normal rains (40% probability of normal rains) with a tendency of 35% above normal rains.. The expected depressed rains in many parts of the country will only exacerbate the existing drought conditions. Togdheer, Sool , Nugal and Mudug regions will be worst affected owing to the prevailing drought conditions. Gedo, Bakool, Hiraan and parts of Bay will also be affected adversely by the below normal rains. This outlook is a consensus forecast designed for a regional audience that addresses the rainfall totals summed over the three-month period from March to May 2018. However, SWALIM and other technical partners will keep updating this forecast  for shorter lead time periods and will share with you through the regular bulletins throughout the rainfall season. For more information, please find attached the Somalia Gu 2018 rainfall outlook bulletin.

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Rainfall Outlook

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Somalia Rainfall Forecast 13-11-2017

The last 10 days have seen extremely heavy rains in some parts of southern and central regions of Somalia causing flooding and displacements in a few places. Bay region saw the heaviest amounts of rainfall with some station surpassing the annual average rains in a few days. Rainfall activities are expected to decrease in the coming week given the 3 days and one week rainfall forecasts. There remains a moderate to high risk of flooding in the middle and lower reaches of both Juba and Shabelle rivers where the river levels are currently very high.

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Saadaasha Roob-di’idda Soomaaliya 06-11-2017

Roobab fudfudud ayaa lagu arkayaa inay ka sii socdaan dhawr meelood oo ku kala durdurugsa gudaha dalka oo idil intii lagu jirey dhawrkii maalmood oo dambe. Saadaasha roob-di’idda la isugeeyey ee saddexda maalmood oo soo scota (Khariidadda 1) waxay muujineysaa koror la filayo oo roob-di’id ah gaar ahaan gudaha gobollada Soomaaliya ee Mudug, Galguduud, Hiiraan, Bay iyo Bakool iyo Buuraleyda sare ee Itoobiya. Xaddiga roobabka waxaa la filayaa inn uu ku sii faafo bed/masaaxad ahaan iyo tiro ahaan markii toddobaadku sii socdo oo loo gudbo toddobada maalmood ee saadaasha roob-di’idda (Khariidadda 2). Sidaa awgeed, heerarka webiga ayaa la filayaa inay sii kordhaan taaasoo ku keeni karta halis fatahaad bartamaha iyo dhanka hoose ee labada webi Jubba iyo Shabeelle ilaa dhammaadka toddobaadka. Daadadka ayaa sidoo kale laga yaabaa inay ka dhacaan meelaha ay saadaashu ku tilmaameyso roob-di’id badan.

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Somalia Rainfall Forecast 01-11-2017

Light rains continued to be observed in a few places across the country within the last few days. The cumulated rainfall forecast for the coming three days shows an expected increase of rainfall activities especially in Mudug, Galgadud, Hiraan, Bay and Bakool regions of Somalia and the Ethiopian highlands. The intensity of the rains is expected to spread further in space and quantity as the week progresses given the 7 days rainfall forecast. Consequently, river levels are expected to rise further with a moderate risk of flooding in middle and lower reaches of both Juba and Shabelle Rivers towards the end of the week. Flash floods may also occur in areas where the forecast indicates high rainfall. Users are advised that this is a forecast and at times there may be discrepancies between forecast and actual amounts of rainfall received. The forecast, observed river levels and rainfall amounts are updated on a daily basis and can be found on this link: http://systems.faoso.net/frrims/

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Saadaasha Roob-di’idda Soomaaliya 13-11-2017

Tobankii maalmood oo dambe waxaa ka jirey roobab aad iyo aad u culus gudaha qaar ka mid ah gobollada Koonfureed iyo bartamaha Soomaaliya oo sababay fatahaad iyo barkac ka dhacay gudaha dhawr meelood. Gobolka Bay waxaa ka da’ay xaddiyada roobabkii ugu cuslaa oo goobaha qaar wuxuu dhawr maalmood sare ugu kacay roobabkii celceliska sanadalaha ahaa. Xaaladaha roob-di’idda waxaa la filayaa in aya raadaan toddobaadka soo socda oo ka muuqata saadaasha roob-di’idda 3-da maalmood iyo halka toddobaad sida mid mid ahaan ku cad Khariiradadda 1 iyo Khariiradda 2. Halkas waxaa ka jiraya halis fatahaadeed ah dhexdhexaad ilaa mid sare gaar ahaan bartamaha iyo inta hoose oo ay maraan Webiyada Juba iyo Shabeelle meelahaas oo hadda heerarka webiyada ay tahay mid aad u sarreysa. Isticmaaleyaaasha waxaa lagu wargelinaya in waxaani ay yihiin saadaal oo ay dhici karto in mararka qaar ay wax iska weydaartaan saadaasha iyo xaqiiqda qadarka roobka la helay. Saadaasha, heerarka webiga la arkay iyo qadarka roobka-da’a waxaa loo cusboonaynsiiyaa si maalinle ah waxaana laga helikaraa gudaha xiriirkaan: http://systems.faoso.net/frrims/ .

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Rainfall Forecast

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Saadaasha Roob-di’idda Soomaaliya 01-11-2017

Roobab fudfudud ayaa lagu arkayaa inay ka sii socdaan dhawr meelood oo ku kala durdurugsa gudaha dalka oo idil intii lagu jirey dhawrkii maalmood oo dambe. Saadaasha roob-di’idda la isugeeyey ee saddexda maalmood oo soo scota waxay muujineysaa koror la filayo oo roob-di’id ah gaar ahaan gudaha gobollada Soomaaliya ee Mudug, Galguduud, Hiiraan, Bay iyo Bakool iyo Buuraleyda sare ee Itoobiya. Xaddiga roobabka waxaa la filayaa inn uu ku sii faafo bed/masaaxad ahaan iyo tiro ahaan markii toddobaadku sii socdo oo loo gudbo toddobada maalmood ee saadaasha roob-di’idda. Sidaa awgeed, heerarka webiga ayaa la filayaa inay sii kordhaan taaasoo ku keeni karta halis fatahaad bartamaha iyo dhanka hoose ee labada webi Jubba iyo Shabeelle ilaa dhammaadka toddobaadka. Daadadka ayaa sidoo kale laga yaabaa inay ka dhacaan meelaha ay saadaashu ku tilmaameyso roob-di’id badan.

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Somalia Flood Watch Bulletin 16-11-2017

During the week ending on 13 November 2017, the Juba and Shabelle river basins experienced heavy rains both inside Somalia and within the Ethiopian highlands.  In Bay region, Qansax Dheere and Dinsor stations recorded a total of 426mm and 376mm respectively while Baidoa town received 125mm in the last 10 days. The heavy rains consequently led to increased river levels causing riverine flooding in sections of the rivers and flash floods elsewhere. The upper parts of the Ethiopian highlands continued to receive good rains during the same period. Map - 1 shows the total satellite Rainfall Estimates (RFE) which also indicates heavy amounts of rainfall in the basins. The rainfall forecast for the coming week indicates a significant reduction of rainfall amounts both in the Ethiopian highlands and inside Somalia. Following the heavy rains seen in the last week, the levels along the two rivers rose significantly and are currently above normal at this time of the year. However, this is expected to stabilize towards the end of the week given the rainfall forecast. There remains a high risk of flooding along the middle and lower reaches of Juba and Shabelle Rivers.

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Flood watch bulletin

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Somalia Rainfall Forecast 02-11-2017

The last 24 hours have seen moderate to heavy rains in many parts of the central and southern regions. Today morning, Baidoa and Bulo Burti stations recorded the highest amounts of 124mm and 119mm respectively. Other stations that recorded heavy rains include Bardheere (65mm), Wanle Weyne (52mm), and Mataban (40mm) among others. Heavy rains in Baidoa town and the surroundings led to flash floods and destruction of property. The heavy rains are expected to continue in the next seven days. River levels are expected to continue rising with a moderate to high risk of flooding along the Juba and Shabelle Rivers. Flash floods may also occur in areas where the forecast indicates high rainfall.

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